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Typical Skills Learned Through Child’s Play

Typical Skills Learned Through Child's Play

What skills do children learn through play?

 

Finding Toys

    
Cognitive: Makes decisions about interests materials and to work with abilities.
    
Self help: Finds toys by himself or self or others. Sets up environment for play.
 
Social/Language: Learns to share, barter, manage conflict, and ask for help.
    

Emotional:
Learns about acceptance and rejection. Expresses needs.
 

Block Play
     
Physical: Learns to balance blocks and lines them up (small motor coordination).
    
Cognitive: May count blocks, sees pattern and design. Learns to build and plan structure. Matches blocks that look alike.
 

Social: Learns to share and cooperate.

 

 
 
 
    
     Dramatic Play
 
     Social:
     Plays adult roles. Develops self-image and coordinates others.
    
     Language:
     Learns to express self in another role.
    
    Cognitive: Decides appropriate dress and appearance for role; uses visual
     perceptions to assist self, others, and play learns and remembers behaviors to imitate.  Develops abstract thinking abilities.                                               
 
Self-help: Dresses self. Sets up play environment and finds props.
 
    
Story Time Or Listening To Music
Cognitive:
Listens and retains information. Follows story line   (sequencing) with eyes and/or ears. Recognizes words, pictures, instruments, and rhythms.
 
  
Finger Plays Or Songs
Cognitive/Language:
Learns words, gestures, and melody (sequencing,  repetition, speech and listening skills). Follows directions.
    
Physical:
Coordination (small and large motor) for gestures and finger plays.
 

Dance

Cognitive/Language: Listens to music and rhythms. Learns to understand simple movement directions and their relationship to the music.
Physical: Coordinates movements (large motor). 
Climbing/Riding

Cognitive: May count the rungs to the top of a climbing structure; plans his climb.
Maps out direction and distance to ride: watches for others in path.
Physical: Large motor coordination, balance.
Social: Takes turns, interacts.
 

Putting Away Toys
Cognitive: Sorts toys, follows directions.
Physical: Places object on the shelf, replaces lids, opens and shuts doors.
Social: Takes turns, learns to handle toys carefully.
 
So, the next time a parent says to you do you have a lot of “learning” time set aside.  You can share this information with them and state besides pre-planned themes, children are ALWAYS learning.
 

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