The Farm Preschool Lesson Plan Theme
Most of Our Food is Grown on Farms…
The foods and vegetables we eat come from all the major plant parts: roots, stems, flowers, leaves, ovaries, and seeds. Print this poster of a plant showing all of its parts. Bring foods to class that represent these parts. Help the children to classify the foods according to their edible parts.
Roots: Onions, garlic, carrots, potatoes, beets, yams, peanuts. Show the children the root of the plant on the poster. Point out any feeder roots still clinging to the vegetables. When tasting the root foods, ask the children if they notice that the roots taste sweet. This is due to the stored starches in the root.
Stems: Rhubarb, asparagus, celery. Show the children the long, thin stem of the plant on the poster.
Explain how water travels through the root and up the stem of the plant to the leaves through tubes. Science Activity Directions
Leaves: Lettuce, spinach, cabbage. Show the children the leaves of the plant on the poster. What color are the leaves of the plant? They are green because they contain chlorophyll, which turns light into food for the plant. You will notice that the spinach leaves are all very green because they sit loosely together and are all exposed to the light. The cabbages and lettuce, however, have their darkest leaves on the outside layers and fade to white on the inside. The leaves on the inside are tightly packed and see little or no light. The darker green the leaves are, the more nutritious they are.
Flower: Broccoli, cauliflower, artichokes. Point out the flower on your poster. These vegetable flowers hardly look like flowers at all because they are barely budding. If they were left in the ground to grow, you would see some flowers that seem more familiar. Sometimes broccoli is picked a little late and tiny yellow flowers appear. Look at these tiny specks with a magnifying glass.
Ovaries: The ovary is the part of the plant that holds the seed. The fruits we eat are ovaries: oranges, apples, peaches, pears, grapes, etc. Pumpkins, squashes, cucumbers, green beans, and tomatoes all hold the seed of the plant and are all fruits.
Seeds: Corn, peas, nuts, lima beans. Some seeds we eat, others we discard. We eat corn, peas, the seeds in strawberries, all types of beans, etc. We discard the seeds from watermelons, oranges or grapefruit, and apples. These seeds would not hurt us if we did eat them since they are actually nutritious. The seeds of a plant are nutritious because they contain all the stored up food a tiny plant will grow down into the earth.
Growing Seeds Science Experiment…
Place a square of fine gauze over the top of a glass and fasten it on with a rubber band. Place the glass in a dish to catch the extra water that spills over. Fill the glass to the brim with water, and sprinkle some fast-growing seeds on the gauze. For the first few days, make sure that there is enough water in the glass to keep the gauze wet. After three or four days the seeds will sprout. Observe that the stems grow upward and the roots grow downward.
You Can’t Trick Roots Science Experiment…
To extend the growing seeds experiment activity and show that the plants cannot be tricked into growing the wrong way, place the seedlings on a wet paper towel. Place the paper towel between two panes of clear glass measuring at least 6 inches in diameter. (Borrow the glass from two picture frames, if necessary.) Use rubber bands to hold the glass panes together. Place the apparatus in a shallow dish of water in a sunny window. Every two days, turn the glass to a different side. The plant stems and roots will switch direction.
Count Your Chickens Board Game
2-4 players work together to help Mother Hen round up her chicks. No reading required to play the game. Purchase from Amazon HERE.
I like Baby Animals…
( London Bridge)
I like baby animals,
I like baby animals,
I’ll name some for you.
Kittens, puppies, chicks and foals,
Chicks and foals, chicks and foals.
Kittens, puppies, chicks and foals,
I can name some more.
Goslings, ducklings, lambs and calves,
Lambs and calves, lambs and calves.
Goslings, ducklings, lambs and calves,
I like baby animals.
Ten Little Pigs…
(Five Little Ducks Went Out To Play)
Ten little pigs rolled in the mud –
Squishy, squashy, felt so good.
The farmer took one piggy out.
“Oink, Oink, oink,” the pig did shout!
Continue with nine, eight, seven so forth, then…
No little pigs rolled in the mud.
They all looked so clean and good.
The farmer turned his back and then,
Those pigs rolled in the mud again.
To The Farm…
( Twinkle, Twinkle)
Chicken, kittens, piglets too,
Donkeys, horses, cows that moo.
Fish that swim down in the pond,
Ducklings quacking all day long.
All these things you can see
If you go to the farm with me!
Shovels, Rakes & Even Hoes…
(Twinkle, Twinkle )
Shovels, rakes, and even hoes
Help the farmer as he sows.
First, he digs into the ground;
Then he plants some seeds around.
Shovels, rakes, and even hoes
Help the farmer as he sows.
Take Me Out to the Barnyard…
(Take Me Out To The Ball Game)
Take me out to the barnyard
Take me out there right now
Show me the cows, pigs and horses too.
I hear an oink and a neigh and a moo
There are chickens laying their eggs
If they don’t lay , it’s a shame
Oh, it’s one, two, three eggs today,
And I’m glad I came.
I’m A Little Chick…
If I Were a Farmer…
Oh, if I were a farmer, a farmer, a farmer
Oh, if I were a farmer, what would I do?
I would milk the cows each morning
Each morning, each morning
I would milk the cows each morning, that’s what I’d do.
I would feed the baby chickens
I would gather eggs for breakfast
Over In The Barnyard…
(Down By The Station)
Over in the barnyard
Early in the morning,
See the yellow chickies
Standing in a row.
See the busy farmer
Giving them breakfast.
Cheep, cheep, cheep, cheep.
Off they go.
Substitute other barnyard animals.
Sing the following song while vigorously acting out jobs one might need to do while working on a farm:
This is the way we ______
This is the way we ______
So early in the morning.
Some possible chores to perform might include mowing the hay, feeding the chicks, sow the seeds, pull the weeds, hoe the field, etc.
Down At The Farm…
Down at the farm at the end of each day,
All of the animals politely say,
Thank you for treating us so kind today,
The cow says……….MOOOOO
(Can be used as a felt board activity by placing one animal at a time on the board and prompting the children to name the animal and the sound it makes).
As I Went Walking To Town One Day…
As I went walking to town one day,
I met a cow along the way.
And what do you think that cow did say?
(Use puppets or pictures of animals as props while reciting this rhyme…continue with as many farm animals as you like.)
Additional Links To Farm Ideas On My Site
To The Market Flannel Board
Horse Roll The Die Coloring Game
Rooster Art Project
Five Animals Flannel Board
How We Get Milk Coloring & Activity Book
Draw a picture of a sheep or use my pattern here. Pop popcorn in front of the children and have them glue it onto the sheep.
Feeding The Birds…
Have the children to put glue on the outside of paper towel roll all the way around and then they can roll it, into bird seed.
Have children put pink thumbprints on a piece of construction paper and make the prints into pigs. Use black paint for cows, red for roosters etc.
Sponge Paint Farm Animals …
Ahead of time, cut sponges into chunks. Clip each chunk into a spring-type clothespin. Pour Black paint into shallow dishes. Paint cow spots on large sheets of paper. Let each child trace an animal with the stencil onto the tag board and cut out animal shape. Then children clip on clothespins on the shape to make four legs. The animals will stand up.
Put paint on paper plates. The children dip corn cob in the paint and paint designs on the manila paper. Encourage children to use the side of the cob and roll designs. Let the children dip the top of the cob in the paint and discover what designs they can make using only the top. Idea HERE.
Pop Up Corn…
Each child will need a craft stick, a 6-ounce or larger paper cup, a Styrofoam meat tray with a textured surface, paint, glue, and green construction paper. Use construction paper and cut ears of corn out of the Styrofoam for each child. Ask the children to paint their ears of corn yellow and their craft stick green. Next, glue the ears of corn and leaves to the craft stick as illustrated. When these have dried thoroughly, cut a small slit in the bottom of the paper cup for the craft stick to fit into snugly. The children may then surprise friends by having them look into the cups only to see an ear of corn pop right up from it. Another option would be to make flowers rather than ears of corn.
Provide each child with one large piece of green construction paper, glue, and several types of inexpensive dried seeds and beans, such as popcorn, lima beans, pinto beans, and navy beans. Ask the children to squeeze out a long stripe of glue along the length of their paper. Have them spread the glue slightly, keeping the long thin shape, and sprinkle one type of seed along the glue stripe. They should make two or three more stripes of glue, adding different types of seeds to each. The finished collage should remind one of the rows of seeds planted in a garden.
Milk Carton Barn…
Each child will need a ½- or I-pint cardboard milk carton, red paint, a paintbrush, and black paint or marker. The teacher will need a box cutter or craft knife. Have the child paint the entire milk carton with red paint. After it has dried, use the box cutter to cut a door and window in the carton. When the window and door are cut, the child may complete the barn by painting the roof black and outlining the door and window in black. When completely dry, the child may use the barn as a home for small plastic farm animals.
A long sheet of butcher paper, paint, a paintbrush for each child, markers or crayons, glue, and rice. Draw a barn and the surrounding barnyard on the butcher paper. Paint the children’s palms the color of their choice, and ask them to press it onto the mural in the appropriate area. Quickly wash the paint off the children’s hands. When dry, ask the children to draw a face and feet onto each handprint, transforming it into a rooster or a turkey. Concept HERE.
Blocks Penning The Pig…
Encourage the children to build pigpens for toy pigs and a farm for other farm animals. Using rubber farm animals, children can build homes the correct size for each animal using different kinds of blocks i.e.: unit blocks, color inch cubes and Lincoln Logs. Buy Big Bucket of Farm Animals on Amazon
Dramatic Play On The Farm…
Ahead of time, make a pinhole in each fingertip of a latex glove. Outside, hang a clothesline about three feet above the ground. Clip the prepared glove to the clothesline with a spring-type clothespin. Place a pail below the glove and a low stool or chair beside it. To help the kids understand more about cows, milk a glove! Fill the prepared glove with water. Let the kids take turns squeezing the fingertips of the glove as if milking, so that the (milk) goes into the bucket.
Take one saw horse, wrap numerous layers of newspaper around the middle and then a brown blanket. Add yarn tail, paint some spots on saw horse legs, add cow face, made from a shoebox, rubber glove for utters, the children milked it, rode it, combed its tail, one of the best learning experiences.
Farm Animal Puzzles…
Make farm animal puzzles for the kids to put together by mounting and laminating pictures of farm animals and letting kids put them back together.
Large And Small…
Select leaves from nearby trees. Collect a large and small leaf from the same tree. Press the leaves between two large books to flatten them. Protect the leaves by preserving them in wax or by placing them between two sheets of clear adhesive paper and trimming to within ¼-inch of the leaf. Place the larger leaves on the table. Place the smaller leaves in a box. Ask the child to select a leaf from the box and match it to its partner on the table.
Draw pictures of different animal tracks on index cards. Make two cards with each type of track. Mix the cards up and ask the children to find the pairs of matching tracks. The children can also play “Concentration” with the cards.
Big Red Barn…
Cut a barn shape from a large sheet of red poster board. Cut five to ten flaps or doors on the front of the barn, depending on how much room you have. Glue the barn sheet to another sheet of poster board the same size or larger. On the top of each flap, draw a set of chicks, hens, roosters, cows, horses, or other animals. Farm animal stickers may also be used. Under the flap, on the back sheet, write the numeral that corresponds to the number of animals on the flap. Ask the children to count how many animals are on each flap. They can check their answers by lifting the flap and revealing the numeral underneath.
Number the sections of an egg carton with a marking pen. Choose the numbers 1 through 12, or any other numbers you wish to teach. If teaching very young children, use only a few numbers and repeat them two or three times. Pretend a Ping Pong ball is an egg. Ask the child to toss the egg into any section of the egg carton, and have the child call out the number of the section in which the egg lands.
Give the child two to three sets of small plastic farm animals to sort by species, putting each group into a corral or pen made from blocks. Help the child count the number of animals in each pen and write the numeral down on an index card. Buy Big Bucket of Farm Animals on Amazon
A Dozen Eggs…
Number twelve eggs or Ping Pong balls 1 through 12 with paint or a marking pen. Have the child place the eggs in numerical order in an egg carton. To make the activity easier for younger children, write the appropriate numeral in the bottom of each section of the egg carton. Talk about the word “dozen.” What other items are sold by the dozen?
Use brown paper bags and food items such as Life sized bag of vegetables play food from Amazon. Place the plastic foods in the bags, giving each a different amount. Have the children estimate which bags contain the most and the fewest items. Ask them to count the items and then write the appropriate numeral on the outside of the bag.
Make a nest by placing Easter grass in a basket or box. Place a number of Ping Pong balls or plastic eggs in the nest, and top them with a toy chicken. Ask the children to guess how many eggs Henny Hen has laid. Lift her up and have the children count the eggs. How many are there? Was the guess more or fewer than the actual number? Have the children close their eyes while you change the number of eggs in the nest.
Feed The Animals…
Place a toy animal of your choice on the table. In front of the animal, place a tin pie plate. Provide the child with a pan containing uncooked oats or popcorn, and a scoop to feed the animal. Consult with the child on how many scoops of food the animal should eat, then help the child place that many scoops of food into the pan. Pretend the animal eats all of the food. How many more scoops should the animal be fed?
Attach the numbers 1 through 10 on the front of 10 berry baskets. Give the child a large bowl, filled with acorns or peanuts (check for nut allergies first). The child must place the appropriate number of nuts in each numbered basket.
Place several types of nuts (still in the shell) in a large bowl or basket. There should be at least one of each type of nut, but not more than 10. Peanuts, walnuts, filberts, Brazil nuts, almonds, or pecans are good choices that can be eaten later during snack time. The child’s job is to sort the nuts into each category.
Make animal cards by gluing or drawing pictures of adult farm animals, their babies, and the products they provide on separate index cards. Examples: adult cow, calf, dairy products; sheep, lamb, wool clothing; hen, chick, eggs.
Mix up the cards and ask the children to match the adult animal to the baby animal, and to match the animal to the product it provides. Can the children say the name of the adult animal? The baby animal? Imitate the animal sound? Think of more animal products?
Place plastic garden tools in the sandbox or a pile of dirt outside. Encourage the children to pretend to plant seeds.
Digging Up Worms…
Get some soil and water put in separate bins (optional). Then you can use real or fake worms from the fishing department and let the children get down right dirty.
Flax seed is what they feed to horses. You can buy a big bag for around $10.00 at a feed store. It’s great for the sensory table!
Bird Seed Collage…
Add corn, wheat, hay, flax seed, oats, barley, grains that farm animals eat to the art center. The children can make art collages with them.
Farmer Dale’s Red Pickup Truck
Farmer Dale is heading for town in his red pickup truck full of hay. Along the way he meets various animals that need a ride and he is more than happy to help. But what happens when the truck is full and more animals need a ride? And what happens when the old truck is not able to carry any more animals without breaking down? A fun read with each animal having their own unique personality, Farmer Dale’s Red Pickup Truck is recommended for children ages three through seven. Buy Farmer Dale’s Red Pickup Truck From Amazon
Charlie and the New Baby (Charlie the Ranch Dog)
“Charlie and the New Baby” is just as remarkable as all the “Charlie” books before it. His antics and remarks keep the child’s attention along with the fantastic illustrations! It’s a book your child will ask to be read to them over and over. Along with that, there is a great recipe that is presented at the end of the book, which will let your child experience even more “Charlie” time! I just love this book and your child will too!
Buy Charlie and the New Baby on Amazon
On the Farm
The illustrations are beautiful. The woodcuts are colourful without being overly complex. The text is short and descriptive for each animal. I would love to see more books from this author and illustrator duo as this is one of the best picture books I’ve seen though my taste tends towards the more old-fashioned books with less flash such as Virginia Lee Burton’s and Dr. Seuss.
Buy On the Farm through Amazon
Mary had A Sleepy Sheep
What a wonderful twist to a familiar nursery rhyme! This sheep, although sleepy-sleepy-sleepy, was so cute and funny. Mary does everything to try to keep him awake – and her attempts keep children smiling. The rhymes are cute, and the illustrations are amazing. We had to read the book three times alone at the first sitting. And then we put it down? Oh no!
Buy Mary had A Sleepy Sheep from Amazon now.
Drive The Pig To Market…
Use a large ball for the pig, and a sturdy ruler or stick to push the “pig” forward. Ask the children to take turns pushing the ball along with the stick, driving the pig to market. Once they have mastered the basics, see if the children can manage to maneuver the pig along a designated path or through a simple obstacle course.
One child is “it.” The other players line up along one side of the play yard. The child who is it yells a command, such as “Strut like a turkey,” or “Skip like a lamb.” The players must cross to the other side of the yard in such a manner, trying not to be caught by the person who is it. The first child to be caught becomes it.
Have the children each select a partner. One child will be the farmer, the other will be the wheelbarrow. The child who decides to be the wheelbarrow rests on the floor on hands and knees. The child’s ankles become the handles of the wheelbarrow as the farmer grasps them and stands up. The activity is set in motion when the pair start walking forward, the wheelbarrow using his or her hands while the farmer holds up the child’s feet. When the wheelbarrow tires out, have the children trade roles.
Divide the children into teams of five or six children each. Place a line on the floor with chalk or masking tape for the teams to stand behind. Designate a spot several yards away for the children to race to before returning to those next in line. Continue the race until each child on the team has had a turn. Some common relays include the potato sack race in which each child steps into a cloth bag and hops, the wheelbarrow walk listed in the previous activity, and the potato relay. The potato relay consists of each child using a spoon to carry a potato to the line and back without dropping it.
Place a different farm animal sticker or cutout on the arm of each child where it can be seen. Select one child to be “it.” The remaining children stand in a circle around the child who is it, who calls out the names of two farm animals. The children with those animals on their sleeves must quickly leave their homes in the circle and try to trade places with each other. The child who is it tries to get to one of their homes first. The child left without a home starts the next round as it.
Big Bad Wolf…
Choose one child to be the wolf. The wolf stands with its back to the other children pretending to be asleep. The other children are the pigs. They stand at a starting line about 12 feet from the wolf. When the teacher says, “Go!” the pigs try to creep up to the wolf without waking it. The wolf counts to 10, shouts, “Freeze!” and turns around. The pigs must stop and be very still. Anyone the wolf sees moving must go back to the starting line. Repeat the game until one of the pigs reaches the wolf. This child may start a new round, becoming the next wolf.
Crossing The Stream…
Place two long pieces of string parallel to each other, about 12 inches apart. The strings represent the banks of the stream. Between the two strings lies the water. Have the children line up on one side of the stream. The object of the game is for the children to take turns jumping over the stream without touching the strings or the space in between them. Once every child has had a turn, move the strings farther apart to make the next crossing more difficult. Those children who “fall into the stream” may sit on the sidelines, moving the strings.
Duck, Duck, Goose…
All of the children but one sit in a circle on the floor facing the center. The one child left standing goes around the outside of the circle, tapping each child on the head, each time saying “duck.” After several times, the child must say “goose!” as he or she taps one last child. This child must jump up and chase “it” around the outside of the circle. If it reaches the “goose’s” spot first and sits down, he or she is safe and the goose becomes it. If the goose reaches home first, it must start over again.
Use masking tape to make turkey footprints on the floor. Put the footprints all over the room. Play a tape of the song “Turkey in the Straw” or some other farm music. Invite the children to act like turkeys, strutting around the room and gobbling as the music plays. When the music stops, the turkeys must quickly find a pair of turkey prints on which to stand. When the music resumes, the turkeys strut around the room again. If you wish, play this game as you would musical chairs, removing a set of prints each time the music stops.
Baby Animal Sounds…
Select one child to be the mother or father farm animal. The best animals to choose would be sheep, chickens, or cows. Take the mother farm animal to a remote corner of the room and have the animal hide its eyes. Choose one or two of the remaining children to be the babies. All of the children must cover their mouths, as the mother returns to find her babies. The children chosen to be the babies make tiny baas or peeps or moos. The mother or father must listen very carefully to find the babies.
Place several plastic fruits and vegetables on the table. Using a toy phone, pretend to be the grocer and place a call to the child, who pretends to be the farmer. Name two or three specific items for the farmer to place in his or her toy truck for delivery. The better the child becomes at the game, the more items the grocer can request for delivery.
Select one child to be the farmer. The remaining children are the animals. The farmer sits on a chair with his or her back to the other children. Quietly choose one animal to tap the farmer on the shoulder. The farmer says, “Speak,______ , speak,” filling in the blank with the name of an animal. The animal who tapped the farmer on the shoulder makes the appropriate animal sound until the farmer guesses the child’s name. That child becomes the farmer for the next round.
How Now Brown Cow….
Make a different cow for each child and a duplicate set for yourself. Give each child a cow. Pick one from your stack and pin it to the bulletin board. Have the children look at their cows. If the children think that they have a match to the one on the board, let them bring them up and pin them next to your cow. Have the children examine the cows closely. If they match, have the children say, “How now, brown cow!” If the cows do not match, the children should take the cow back and continue to watch for a match.