Space is big, dark and cold. There is no air or water in space. Astronauts explore space in specially designed spacecraft called spaceships. Robots are also used to explore space. The only place in space that people have been to is the moon. Some people think that there may be life on other planets. Planets are in outer space. There are 9 planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. The Sun is in space and is a huge ball of fiery gases.
Astronauts are community helpers. Talk about how astronauts get to the moon and survive their visits. Talk about what they wear, how they breathe in space, and what they eat. Discuss why astronauts go to the moon. Ask the children if an astronaut could bring back a crater. Talk about where the space shuttles take off and where they land. Show pictures of the moon. Talk about how there aren’t any plants, people, or animals on the moon. Ask the children what people, plants, and animals need that they can’t find on the moon.
Moon Day is celebrated on July 20th each year because the first people landed on the moon on that day in 1 969. The Journey was made in the spaceship Columbia by three American astronauts**Neil Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin, Jr. and Michael Collins, who served as pilot. Neil Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon saying, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.” Then he and Edwin. Aldrin walked on the moon for about two hours, where they planted an American flag, gathered rock samples and took photographs.
There are many faraway objects in space. Some of these are moon, stars, and planets. We live on a ball-shaped planet called earth. There are eight other ball-shaped planets. These nine planets move around the sun and, along with their moons, make up the solar system.
We learn about space by looking at it through instruments such as telescopes and by sending specially trained people called astronauts into space to find out more about it. Space is big, cold and dark. There is no air or water in space. The only body in space that people have actually visited is the Moon. Some people think there might be life in other parts of space.
Show the children pictures of the sun, a full moon, a crescent moon, and a star. Discuss the shapes of each one. Have the children trace a circle, crescent, and star shape in the sand. Then have the children try to make these shapes by gluing thick yam on construction paper.
Astronaut in Space Activity…
Have the children dramatize an astronaut flying to the moon. First they prepare for their journey by putting on their space suits, goggles, helmets, and space gloves. Then they hook up their oxygen tanks. They prepare for take off by sitting down and fastening their seat belts. Have the children put their knees up and grab their ankles. 10-9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 -Blast off! The spaceship has landed on the moon. The children pretend to get out of the ship to take a moonwalk. Gravity’s force is weaker on the moon, so it’s harder to walk.
Have the children each find a partner to walk with on the moon. Have them jump, walk, and give each other a moon hug. Ask them what they see on the moon plants, animals, aliens? Have them eat their lunches from tubes. Then have them walk back to the spaceship to return to Earth. 1 ~9-8-7-6-5-4-3-2-1 –Blast off. The space ship slows down, as gravity finally pulls the ship in closer and close to Earth.
Hang rocket ship in one corner of your area, with two chairs inside for the astronauts and equipment.
Place ground control panels on either side of an easel, with chairs and equipment available for those children to use to “communicate” with the rocket.
One Little Astronaut…
Hold onto the end of a long piece of hose or rope. Have one child hold onto the other end and pretend to explore space while you recite the poem below. When you finish the first verse, have a second child join the first. Continue with additional verses until all of the children are holding onto the hose. One little astronaut floating out from base, Hooked to a hose, exploring space. He/She thought it was such an amazing trick, He/She called another astronaut to join her quick.
Create a moon landscape for the children by placing pillows all over the floor. Cover the floor with white or yellow sheets. Attach sponges to the children’s feet with rubber bands for space shoes. Play eerie and dramati